Child And Adolescent Development Phases And Things To Keep In Mind

child and adolescent development

Your daughter is becoming a woman. And your child’s body is preparing to become that of a man. The hairs appear, the hips become rounded, the breasts grow, and the menstrual cycle (menarche) generally begins. Just as in children, moustaches and beards begin to appear and the timbre of the voice changes. But being 12-14 years old doesn’t just mean having to deal with (significant) physical changes: a whirlwind of emotions marks this transition phase in which you leave the childhood nest, and you have to learn to manage the rough seas of adolescence. Here are a few things you should know about child and adolescent development.

Socioeconomic Status

A little boy sitting on a bed

The family environment and socioeconomic status of the family can influence the development of the brains of children and adolescents, and therefore also the development of cognitive functions, as can genetic factors, indeed even to a greater extent, according to a new study produced. This is another study that underlines how much the environment of the family and the house where the child spends the first years, up to the first adolescence, are almost fundamental for the development of the brain.

Make Their Lives Easy

A little boy looking at the camera

Parents, make your children’s social life as easy as possible by involving them in activities outside the home with other peers and under the guidance of another adult. Children must live the experience of socializing with peers without being guided by mom and dad but can rely on other adults with an educational function as a reference.

Keep An Eye On Their Life Online

This is a very delicate age group regarding the use of technologies, so it is essential to pay close attention to their life online, a critical dimension of real life, where they expose themselves to high risks.

Find The Right Balance

Find the right balance between the need to protect children and their need to explore the world. For example, the bicycle is a perfect tool to explore new areas of the city, but parents often do not allow their children to go cycling due to an excessive overprotective approach.

Get Them Off The Hook

Get them off the hook to focus on studying. Studying is an activity that involves effort and requires attention, concentration and a prolonged commitment, and boys and girls risk being discontinuous and distracted by the frequent use of social networks. Then define clear family rules: for example, during the study, they cannot use technologies to concentrate on reading, repeating, memorizing and assimilating the contents.

Finally, Participation In Motor Activities

Participation in motor activities can also support the social development of children, offering them opportunities for personal expression, building self-esteem, social interaction and integration, skills and abilities useful for future life. In adolescents, it was observed that physical activity also influences various aspects of lifestyle, favouring adopting healthy behaviours, including correct eating habits, giving up alcohol and cigarette smoking. For all these reasons, the daily practice of movement is critical at school age, from games to other activities, both at school and during free time.

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